Fishing Ontario Canada


Distribution in the area:

Ledyard Lake, Salt Lake,


Pimephales, from the Greek, "fat head"
promelas, from the Greek, "before black", perhaps a reference to the darkened head of the original speciman.
Common name from the swollen, black head of the breeding male
Other common names include: Blackhead Minnow, Tuffy Minnow


Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata, animals with a spinal chord
Subphylum Vertebrata, animals with a backbone
Superclass Osteichthyes, bony fishes
Class Actinopterygii, ray-finned and spiny rayed fishes
Subclass Neopterygii
Infraclass Teleostei
Superorder Ostariophysi
Order Cypriniformes, minnows and suckers
Family Cyprinidae, carps and minnows
Genus Pimephales, the bluntnose minnows


A common Minnesota minnow


maximum length of about 3"
adult males grow larger than females.


dark olive above
coppery tinge behind head and along sides
sides silvery
belly white
dusky band or blotch in front and rear rays of dorsal fin
light dusky stripe along the midside from head to the base of the tail fin The lateral band is faint in specimens from turbid waters and prominent in specimens from clear water.
Typical males are light silvery behind the opercle to the pectoral fins; then a dark bar extends to the insertion of the dorsal fin followed by a light bar to about mid-way along the dorsal fin. Breeding males assume a very dark color about the head and may exhibit dark vertical bands on the body.


stout, cylindrical, moderately compressed laterally
small scales
back broad and flat in front of dorsal fin
incomplete lateral line of 42-48 scales, not extending from the head to the base of the tail
shortened and closely attached first ray in the dorsal fin and smaller, crowded scales in advance of the dorsal fin.
dorsal and pelvic fins of 8 rays
anal fin of 7 rays
pectoral fins of 15/16 rays


mouth small, terminal, and oblique without a barbel; not overhung by the snout as others in this genus.
spawning males develop swollen, black head with breeding tubercles appearing in three rows on the snout.
slender, slightly hooked pharyngeal teeth in a 4-4 pattern


Distinguished from closely related Bluntnose Minnow (Pimephales notatus) by a dusky band or blotch in the front and rear rays of the dorsal fin.


Lakes and streams
Often found in large schools around submerged structure
Very tolerant of muddy water, low oxygen, and a wide range of pH levels.


Primarily zooplankton (microscopic crustaceans); also microscopic plants, small insects and larvae, and occasionally fish.
Its small size and abundant reproduction make it an excellent forage fish.


One of the best known and most used of bait minnows. Very hardy.
Rapid rate of reproduction makes it an excellent choice for stocking where predatory fish are present.


Spawns from early May through August in water 15-32°C. The adhesive eggs are deposited on the under surface of floating objects, and the male guards them. Fecundity is 6,803-10,164 eggs per female. The eggs hatch in 5 to 6 days.
One-year-old fish range in size from one-half inch to three inches.