Fishing Ontario Canada


Distribution in Local Area:

Cannon Lake, Card Lake, Jimmies Lake, Rock Lake, Salt Lake,


Phoxinus, from the Greek, a name of a fish
eos, from the Greek, "dawn"
Common Name from the dark red belly of breeding males, and its northern range


Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata, animals with a spinal chord
Subphylum Vertebrata, animals with a backbone
Superclass Osteichthyes, bony fishes
Class Actinopterygii, ray-finned and spiny rayed fishes
Subclass Neopterygii
Infraclass Teleostei
Superorder Ostariophysi
Order Cypriniformes, minnows and suckers
Family Cyprinidae, carps and minnows
Genus Phoxinus, the redbelly daces


A small minnow of cool, acidic northern waters




black, olive to dark brown back
silver, cream below the dark band on its side; brilliant red in breeding males
breeding fish have yellowish fins


snout short and blunt


matures in second or third summer
lives at least 3 years


Boggy lakes, creeks, and ponds.
Often found in cool, dark, tea-colored, and slightly acidic waters of northern bogs.
Prefers the slow parts of streams; only occasionally found in moderate current.


Much plant material, including diatoms and filamentous algae, as well as zooplankton, aquatic insects, and occasionally fish.


Spawns in spring and early summer, with at least some females spawning twice a year.
Spawning takes place on clumps of filamentous algae. A female accompanied by one or more males darts from one algal mass to another with a spawning embrace of 2 to 4 seconds at each one. During each spawning episode, 5 to 30 non-adhesive eggs are released and become entangled in the algal filaments. The eggs hatch in 8-10 days at 70º to 80º F.