Distribution in Local Area:
Cannon Lake, Card Lake, Jimmies
Lake, Rock Lake, Salt Lake,
Phoxinus, from the Greek, a
name of a fish
eos, from the Greek, "dawn"
Common Name from the dark red belly of breeding males,
and its northern range
Phylum Chordata, animals with a spinal chord
Subphylum Vertebrata, animals with a backbone
Superclass Osteichthyes, bony fishes
Class Actinopterygii, ray-finned and spiny rayed fishes
Order Cypriniformes, minnows and suckers
Family Cyprinidae, carps and minnows
Genus Phoxinus, the redbelly daces
A small minnow of cool, acidic
black, olive to dark brown back
silver, cream below the dark band on its side; brilliant
red in breeding males
breeding fish have yellowish fins
snout short and blunt
matures in second or third summer
lives at least 3 years
Boggy lakes, creeks, and ponds.
Often found in cool, dark, tea-colored, and slightly
acidic waters of northern bogs.
Prefers the slow parts of streams; only occasionally
found in moderate current.
Much plant material, including
diatoms and filamentous algae, as well as zooplankton,
aquatic insects, and occasionally fish.
in spring and early summer, with at least some females
spawning twice a year.
Spawning takes place on clumps of filamentous algae.
A female accompanied by one or more males darts from
one algal mass to another with a spawning embrace of
2 to 4 seconds at each one. During each spawning episode,
5 to 30 non-adhesive eggs are released and become entangled
in the algal filaments. The eggs hatch in 8-10 days
at 70º to 80º F.