Fishing Ontario Canada


Distribution in the local Area:

Baldcoot Lake, Balfour Lake, Baptiste Lake, Bark Lake, Batelle Lake, Bell Rapids Lake, Bird Lake, Buck Lake, Cannon Lake, Derry Lake, Diamond Lake, Faraday Lake, Gin Lake, Horse Lake, Hound Lake, Kamaniskeg Lake, Limerick Lake, Little Coot Lake, Lower Paudash Lake, Mallard Lake, Mayo Lake, McKenzie Lake, Stringer Lake, Tait Lake, Watt Lake, Weslemkoon Lake, Wollaston Lake,


Perca, an early Greek name for perch
flavescens, from the Latin, "becoming gold colored"
Common name from its yellowish coloration
Other common names include: American Perch, Bandit Fish, Calico Bass, Convict, Coon Perch, Coontail, Eisenhower, Jack Perch, Lake Perch, Raccoon Perch, Red Perch, Redfin, Redfin Trout, Ring-tail Perch, Ringed Perch, River Perch, Sand Perch, Striped Perch


Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata, animals with a spinal chord
Subphylum Vertebrata, animals with a backbone
Superclass Osteichthyes, bony fishes
Class Actinopterygii, ray-finned and spiny rayed fishes
Subclass Neopterygii
Infraclass Teleostei
Superorder Acanthopterygii,
Order Perciformes, the perch-like fishes
Suborder Percoidei
Family Percidae, the true perches
Genus Perca, the yellow perches


A hardy, adaptable fish found in almost all lakes.




6-16 ounces; adult females generally larger than adult males of the same age.


back bright green to dark olive green to golden brown
sides bright yellow, yellow-green, to brassy green with the color of the back extending down in seven dark, tapering, vertical bars.
belly lighter, grey to milky-white
colours of spawning males more intense, with bright orange-red fins and generally brighter in color.


oval shaped
lateral line of 57-62 scales
dorsal fin of 12-13 soft rays
anal fin of 7-8 rays
two well separated dorsal fins, the first spiny-rayed and the second softrayed


slightly concave above the eyes; giving a somewhat humpbacked appearance.
no canine teeth on the jaws or roof of the mouth.
cheeks covered with 8-10 rows of extended scales.


Distinguished as a perch by its two well separated dorsal fins, the first spiny-rayed and the second softrayed.
Distinguished from other native perch by the tapering bars on its side.


Primarily a lake fish, though also found in ponds, slow moving streams, and rivers where they tend to be much smaller. Not present in large numbers in flowing waters.
Prefer cool, clear water, though quite adaptable, tolerating low winter oxygen levels better than many other native fish species. (Though still susceptible to winterkill). Prefer water temperatures of 65º to 70º F.
Usually at depths less than 30' but found in waters as much as 150' deep. Larger fish tend to prefer the deeper regions of lakes, leaving the shorelines to smaller individuals.
During different seasons, they prefer different areas of the lake. In spring, bottom structures such as rock piles and bottom drop-offs; in summer, outside edges of submerged vegetation; in fall prominent land points with bottom structures; and in winter, they stay over the flat bottom reaches near bottom structures.


Strictly carnivorous, consuming small fishes, aquatic insects, crayfish, and snails. Feed by sight and therefore need light to find prey. They feed throughout the daylight hours in deep water but often move into the shallows during evening to feed on schools of minnows. Midgefly larvae and both the immature and adult stages of mayflies often comprise a large part of their diet. They may feed off and on throughout the day, but have two peak feeding times; once in the morning and once in the afternoon.
A recent study reported Yellow Perch showed a positive growth response in the presence of zebra mussels. Zebra mussels increase the biomass of benthic invertebrates which juvenile and adult yellow perch feed on, therefore improve the growth of the fish.
Young eat zooplankton, other aquatic invertebrates, and insects. As they become adults, they consume less zooplankton, and more things such as insects, snails, crayfish and fish eggs. Yellow perch are also piscivorous preferring shiners and minnows. They also eat smelt, trout-perch, and even juvenile yellow perch.
In turn, Yellow Perch is, in the ecology of many rivers and lakes, of inestimable value as the prey of larger fish.


Although the yellow perch is not a fierce fighter when hooked, it is a popular panfish and good eating. Perch seldom reach large sizes, the average being l/4 to 3/4-pound fish of 6 to 10 inches. Easily caught on natural bait, flies, and small spinners, they are often the mainstay of ice fishermen using jigs and small minnows. In addition, the yellow perch ranks right along with the various sunfishes as being the impatient young angler's old standby.
Valuable as a commercial fish and game fish, caught by anglers on minnows, worms, or cut fish as bait.
A mainstay of the lower Great Lakes commercial fishery, particularly on Lake Erie, but never figuring highly in Lake Superior's commercial catch.


Spawns once a year in early spring, shortly after ice-out, usually at night or early morning, with water temperatures of 45º to 55º F. Spawning closely follows that of Walleyes and often coincides with that of suckers.
Random spawners, they do not build nests. Instead, the female deposits a long, flat, ribbon-like, amber colored mass of eggs. This strand of eggs is fully formed in the ovary and is covered with a thick mucilaginous sheath. The sheath protects the eggs from infection and predation. Depending on the size, a female may produce anywhere from 10,000 to 40,000 eggs.
Eggs are deposited over a variety of substrates such as sand bars, submerged vegetation, fallen branches, or other debris in the water. As the female deposits the eggs, she is followed by 2-25 males who fertilize them. After fertilization, they swell and the string of eggs can become up to 8' long. Many egg masses are eaten by other fishes, washed up on shore, or stranded by low water. Surviving eggs hatch in 12-21 days, depending on water temperature. There is no parental care of eggs or fry once they hatch.
Young perch school in or near weedy areas where food is abundant. Slow swimmers when young, they must depend upon aquatic plants for cover. Heavy predation from most fish-eating fishes and birds is common.
Young reach about 3" in their first summer.